First Aid Treatment on Drowning and Other Safety Precautions
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First Aid Treatment on Drowning and Other Safety Precautions

Drowning is a condition of complete immersion of the nose and mouth in water (or any other liquid). Water enters the windpipe and airways, and stops the air from reaching lungs thus making the person unable to breathe.

FIRST AID TREATMENT ON DROWNING AND OTHER SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Drowning is a condition of complete immersion of the nose and mouth in water (or any other liquid). Water enters the windpipe and airways, and stops the air from reaching lungs thus making the person unable to breathe.

Drowning may happen to anyone due to carelessness or if a person is not a good swimmer. It may also result from a suicidal attempt in certain cases. Other factors include alcoholism and drug addiction, tiredness and fatigue, illness such as heart problems and epilepsy.

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The person after drowning feels suffocated because of water blocking the airways. His face, lips, nails, fingers and toes become blue and cold; and the patient may faint. He may also suffer from headache, vomiting, chest discomfort and a pink froth comes out from his mouth and nose.

First aid should be given as quickly as possible. The wet clothes should be removed immediately and he should be kept warm by covering him with a blanket. The patient’s face should be turned down to one side and his arms stretched above his head. The water should be drained out of the lungs by raising the middle part of the body. Mouth to mouth artificial respiration should be given if the breathing is slow or is absent. Once he starts breathing, he should be kept warm by a blanket and then shifted to a hospital.

FIRST AID AND OTHER SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Do not smoke near an accident site - Never let anyone smoke near a crashed vehicle - there maybe petrol, oil or chemicals on the road which could easily catch fire.

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First aid for a snake or scorpion bite - Reassure the person and clean the area around the puncture marks after a snake bite.

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First aid for chemical burns - In case of a chemical burn, put the affected area under cold running water for at least 10 minutes so that contaminated water drains away freely.

First aid for choking - If a person is choking and unable to breathe properly then make him lean forward slightly and stand behind him.

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First aid for heat burns - In case of a superficial heat burn, put the affected area under cold running water for at least 10 minutes or immerse in cold water. Never apply cotton wool, dressings, ointments or attempt to rupture blisters.

First aid in a convulsion (Fit) - Keep calm and let the fit run its course. Place soft padding under the head. Gently loosen clothing around the neck and after jerking stops, turn over onto right side until recovery is complete.

What not to do in a convulsion? - Never try to stop the fit or hold the person down or put anything in the mouth. Unless there are successive uncontrollable fits or this is the first one, there is no need to call an ambulance.

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First aid when someone faint - Help the person lies down, raise the feet above chest level and loosen clothes.

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Wear seat belts to prevent injury - A car accident may cause permanent damage as well as neck and back pain due to whiplash injury.

To prevent whiplash, always wear your seat belt and ensure that the headrest is at the same level as the back of the head, so it prevents your head from stretching too far backward in the event of an accident.

What if one swallows kerosene oil? - If someone swallows kerosene oil by mistake do not induce vomiting. This could cause serious complications in the lungs. Turn the patient to one side and rush to a hospital.

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What if something falls in your eye? - In case a grain of sand or any other foreign body enters your eye, do not rub the eye. Flush it with plenty of clean water repeatedly.

What if you get stung by an insect? - If a person is stung by an insect on the throat, particularly if there is a known sensitivity to stings, the throat will swell quickly and cause choking. Give him or her cold water to drink or an ice-cube to suck.

If the breathing becomes difficult call a doctor immediately.

Be prepared always!

Reference:

http://doctor.ndtv.com/healthtips.aspx?cp

Images via Google Image

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Comments (11)

Thanks for this Ron, we should all take a little first aid training. I did a course about 8 years ago but I should think it is out of date to some extent now.

I think I need to attend another first-aid course..too many new apparatus and items..thanks Ron for brought-up this topic :)

Wow, excellent first aid tips, Ron.

Very important and useful learning.

nice share, and very incisive information.

Excellent

Something we should all know. Thanks for sharing.

May God protect us and our loved ones from having to use it...but may we be there for someone else in their time of need. A need to re-take the course which first took in college.

Ranked #3 in First Aid & CPR

Thanks all for your wonderful comments, I guess we must always be prepared at all times. Highly appreciated.

Ayush agarwal

I was very happy to learn all this.it was really helpful in my science project of class 5

Ranked #3 in First Aid & CPR

Thank you for the reaction.

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